Bengal Cat - Breed Information, Behavior, Price and Everything You Want Know
Bengal cat is undoubtedly one of the most interesting representatives among domestic animals. Their appearance resembles a leopard. At the same time, they are absolutely not aggressive and can become a good friend in any family. Differ in their grace and exotic color. Contrary to all stereotypes, Bengalis love to swim and splash in the water. The animal has a medium size. An adult male can weigh about eight kilograms.
An excellent hunter, active and restless, a performer of clever stunts, a participant in the cat agility is all a Bengal cat. Fights between representatives of this breed occur in silence, each of them freezes, waiting for the "opponent" to make a mistake and attack him. The subject of hunting can be selected and any item of home furnishings, for example, a working vacuum cleaner.
Bengal Cat - History, The Story of the Appearance of the Breed
The history of this breed began in 1961. Gene Mill, who was a genetic biologist, worked on its creation. It all started with Mill's trip to Bangkok. It is in that environment in which wild cats Felis Bengalensis live. At that time, the breed was on the verge of extinction. They were actively hunted because of the beautiful and valuable skin. Kittens were sold in large quantities as a souvenir for tourists.
Seeing such an unusual kitten, Gene Mill decided to purchase one of them and brought her home to the United States of America. The cat was not at all aggressive, but it did not show affection and tried to stay alone. However, during the mating season, the wildcat accepted the attention signs of the domestic cat who lived with Mill.
The result was a completely healthy kitten with an unusual color. Since then, the idea has arisen to breed with domestic habits and exotic appearance. The idea was fully implemented in 1991. Then, at the largest international exhibition was presented a new breed. Read More: Bengal Cat - History, Appearance
Character of Bengal cats
Appearance was very spectacular and even formidable. Feels a bit of wildlife. For these reasons, many believe that this breed is quite aggressive. All this is a big mistake. Despite its historical roots, the breed is fully adapted to living, together with people. The main thing to know its features and treat them with respect.
This breed, like the others, likes to caress and play with its owner. But this does not mean that it should not be released from the hands. The Bengal breed accepts affection in moderation even when they themselves want it. There are cases when she does not allow herself to be stroked. Do not worry about this, it is the norm.
Bengal cats do not allow superiority over themselves. May exhibit some insolence. Therefore, strict measures of education should not be used, they still will not help. It is necessary to gain confidence in her and only then she will listen to you.
Despite the character's willfulness, they finally feel children and never show aggression. Even if the child changes her clothes into doll clothes or takes them by the tail, the cat will patiently remain calm. Another distinctive feature is good contact with other pets. It is difficult to remember the cases when this breed did not get along in the neighborhood with a dog or other animals.
Appearance and habits of these animals resemble their wild relatives. Bright color, interesting combinations of stripes and spots on the skin. Outwardly, the "wild" Bengalis are actually very gentle domestic cats. It was precisely this goal that the breeders achieved when more than thirty years ago they started breeding this breed.
If, from childhood, to engage in teaching Bengal to the hands - they themselves will require constant contact with the person, being already adult animals. They do not have any aggression, which some Siamese cats possess, they only vaguely resemble their wild relatives. Bengalis are distinguished by their love for active games and hunting. Provide them with enough space for jumping, running, climbing, etc., and you will get the happiest cat.
Color breed often leads to comparing them with leopards, they are even called "little leopard." However, such a comparison does not fit these pets. Leopards are very aggressive and serious predatory animals living around the world.
Main Character of Bengal Cats:
Breed standard in the WCF system
Body: Medium to large, muscular, stretched, sturdy. Limbs of medium length, strong and muscular. Paws are large, round. The tail is of medium length, thick, with a rounded tip.
Head: A massive skull, slightly longer than wide, with rounded contours and a powerful, wide muzzle. Profile with the easy transition. The neck is long, powerful.
Ears: Small to medium-sized, slightly bent forward, with rounded tips, sometimes a wild spot.
Eyes: Large, oval. Set wide, at a slight angle. Suppose any color except blue and aquamarine, for snow Bengal - only pure intense blue.
Wool: Short, thick, shiny, silky.
Color: Distinct, contrasting black or brown pattern, spotted or special marble (marbled) on a golden-orange background. Snow Bengal (Seal-Links) is a color point. Points have the same color as Bengal. The body is somewhat lighter, but, unlike other color points, it has shade and a pattern corresponding to the color of points. For non-specialists, the Bengal snow is unlike a color point. Description of the picture is in the list of colors. Among the variety of colors of Bengal cats are: Brown tabby spotted, brown tabby spotted rosettes, brown tabby marble, silver tabby spotted, Silver tabby rosettes, Silver marbled ( marble (silver tabby marble). Blue color (blue) is now already recognized as one of the international felinological systems (TICA). Color melanistic is at the recognition stage.
Standard and appearance
The standards of the American Association (ACFA) stipulate that the end result of breeding Bengal should be to obtain a gentle home favorite, not lagging behind in physical characteristics from small cats living in the forest. The hardy, with characteristic signs of the appearance of wild ancestors, representatives of the breed have slender legs and a magical pattern on the shiny wool.
The Bengal cat, like many other breeds, must meet certain standards. Consider the main features:
- Ears are short and high. At the same time, they have a wide base and rounded ends. On the ear, from the outside, there is a spot of light shade, which looks as if someone had pressed on this place with his thumb.
- Cheeks voluminous, with large pads for whiskers.
- The body is oblong with distinct muscles - a slightly elongated body with a strong skeleton and a long neck with well-developed muscles. Cats are smaller than cats.
- The softened contours of the wedge-shaped head are medium in size. The line from the chin to the nose is strictly vertical. Moustache pads bulging, wide and straight back of the nose.
- The pronounced nose has a curved shape and a sufficient width.
- Eyes - widely spaced large and oval. All colors are permissible, except for blue - it can only be at links point (snow Bengal with color-point color).
- The length of the coat is very thin, short and glossy. It fits tightly to the body, has no undercoat, and feels almost like satin fabric to the touch. In childhood, wool can be a little longer. Gray, white or red wool color is allowed. Spots should be evenly distributed throughout the body of the animal.
- The tail is of medium length and dense structure. From the beginning to the very base of the tail should be covered with characteristic spots.
- Paws are rounded with pronounced musculature. The hind limbs are longer than the fore.
- The neck is wide enough and strong. At the same time, it should be fully proportional to the body of the animal.
Colors of Bengal cat
The overall color palette of the wool background is distinguished by a variety of colors: golden-red, silver-white, reddish-chestnut, bronze-yellow, light cream. Incredibly beautiful looks classic (marble tabby color). The drawing always comes in a darker shade. A spotted or rosette (more desirable) pattern on the sides and back is allowed. Face and forehead cover stripes, a necessary condition is the presence of spots on the abdomen.
Coal and blue colors are considered less suitable for crosses. A large number of animals in which there is no pattern, and the body is evenly covered with striped hairs, is obtained due to a fuzzy pattern on the wool of blue color, and dim spots merge with the general background. The animal of a coal color visually seems just dirty.
Spots can have either an arbitrary location on the body or horizontal. The picture is called spotting. Each spot should be sharply outlined, and stand out as clearly as possible against the general background. The “decoration” on the neck (necklace) should also be pronounced.
The presence of rings/sockets on the tail. Be sure the presence of spots on the abdomen. There are several types of spots: a bagel or half of it, a paw print, a bunch of grapes, a dart tip.
Characteristic of the snow color, contrasting with the main color of ivory, the pattern is brown (light and dark shades are permissible). Eyes are bright colors aquamarine or blue. The presence of ticking on the body is completely excluded. The pearl dust glitter effect is required. Read More: Bengal Cat Secret Colors and Patterns
Colors Of Bengal Cats
Bengal cat sizes
Home Bengal cat has a very decent size. The total body length of Bengal is about 90 centimeters, height - 41 centimeters.
The average weight of a male is 6-8 kilograms, the females up to 5 kilograms.
Bengal cats reach maximum sizes by 2 years.
For more impressive sizes, Bengals are crossed with other wild cats - Serval, Asian Leopard Cat (ALA), Amur Leopard Cat (Far Eastern Cat, DLK), Karakal, Reed Cat.
Hybrids from Bengal cats 1.5-2 times larger.
For example, when crossing a serval and a Bengal cat, we get Savannah (8-14 kg, height up to withers up to 60 cm).
When the Amur leopard cat (Far Eastern cat) and the Bengal cat are crossed, we get the Bengal cat F1 (up to 12 kg)
Adaptation of Bengal Cat
This is a difficult period for any pet that falls into an unfamiliar environment. Especially for a little kitten, cut off from the mother. Therefore, the owners need special attention to make the animal feel at home. Everything is quite simple, the main thing is to follow a few rules. The adaptation period can last from several days to one month, it all depends on the specific instance.
On the first day, you should not play with the kitten, keep it constantly in your arms and all the more frightening. He should get used to the new environment, so at first, it is better to leave the animal alone.
If the living area is very large, it is better to limit the space within the same room. The kitten should gradually discover "new horizons". In the selected room you need to install a bowl, tray, and bed. It is necessary to accustom to order from the first days, otherwise, it will be too late. The tray should be away from the bed and a bowl of food.
Do not scold and shout at the kitten. Naturally, he is not yet accustomed to the toilet and can cheat anywhere. It is necessary to accustom quietly, so that the animal is not afraid, but understood.
The Bengal kitten must have its own personal place. This may be a special cat house or mattress, set in a quiet and peaceful corner. In most cases, they choose their favourite territory.
Some sleep in beds with the owners, under the battery, on the windowsill and so on. Their choice may be the most unusual. Even if you do not like that the cat is constantly sleeping in a shoebox, do not chase it away or sold it. This is her personal refuge, in which she feels as comfortable as possible.
The kitten should be treated with affection and love, then he will reciprocate. If you offend him, drag him by the tail and carelessly treat him, he will not be able to get used to your home. In addition, the animal can grow irritable and aggressive.
The first time you need to eliminate claps, loud music and other factors that will frighten a new family member. The more comfortable the conditions will be for him, the faster he will get used to his surroundings.
If there are other pets in the house, then the acquaintance should be carried out in stages and carefully. In addition, it should be remembered that animals are jealous of the appearance of new pets. Therefore, you need to ensure maximum safety kitten.
In addition to all of the above, you need to remove all dangerous items. If the animal inadvertently hurts itself, it will contribute to unwanted stress.
It is important to establish contact with the kitten. Talk to him, encourage for good behavior. He should feel his importance and care. Bengal cats are very smart. They are sensitive to the intonation of the host, and even able to remember the meaning of several words.
Bengal Cat Care
When choosing a pet, one of the important criteria is the complexity of care. Bengal cats are not whimsical in this regard.
- Their coat is rather short, so it does not need a daily combing. Enough a couple of times a week to comb it with a special brush.
- Claws can be trimmed twice a month, which does not cause much difficulty. Cleaning the ears are done as they are contaminated. The procedure is carried out using cotton pads moistened with a small amount of water.
- Teeth care is carried out by purchasing special toys or bones. Such things are sold in veterinary pharmacies and shops. They are not expensive and constantly on sale.
- You need to bathe them as needed. They love to splash in the water, it is their distinguishing feature. Therefore, problems with bathing and scratched hands after this, you definitely will not.
The rest of the requirements are standard, as for any pet. You can not allow hypothermia, long stay in a stuffy room and monitor the quality of food.
The only thing you have to do regularly is to play with your pet. By nature, they are very mobile and energetic. They just need to throw out their energy. In the interests of the owner, to ensure that it is directed in the right direction. If you do not play with the Bengal cat, he will do it himself. But then you should not be surprised at a broken vase or scratches on the furniture.
A great option for these cats is a country house, with a cat game room and a huge fenced area in the backyard.
Those who wish to have Bengal cats in their homes should remember that they need a large space. Mountains of toys, a sports complex with ladders and tunnels, several claws in different parts of the house, hammocks, houses, separate shelves on the walls, on which you can jump all day.
Bengalis are among those that adore water. Pour the water in the bath, let them swim in the pool, or at least refresh them in the shower, and they will be grateful.
Caring for the appearance of Bengal is not so difficult:
- It is not necessary to comb them: they have short wool, it sheds little, and you only need to walk a metal comb over it a couple of times.
- Given that the Bengal cat most often loves water, her bathing turns into a pleasure for the owner. Like ordinary cats, they need to be bathed infrequently - 3-4 times a year are enough.
- But dust and sulfur should be cleaned regularly.
- From an early age, it is necessary to accustom the pet to the scraper because Bengal cats are very active and can grow furniture with grown claws.
- It is also important to monitor the teeth and gums so that they do not form plaque, contributing to the development of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. It is enough a couple of times a month to brush your teeth with a special toothbrush.
- Once in 3 months, it is necessary to carry out anthelmintic treatment.
The tray for the kitten should not have high sides, it is best to leave the breeder's one at all. An adult cat, on the contrary, needs to purchase a large tray with high and rounded sides. Bengals are very fond of cleanliness and carefully clean up after themselves, burying waste deep in the sand - in the absence of high sides, there will be difficulties with cleaning.
Restroom for Bengal Cat
They have a high level of cleanliness. They often wash and carefully bury the toilet. Some individuals are so fastidious that they refuse to go to a stale tray. Therefore, the owner will have to change the tray quite often. Just do not save on filler. You need to choose one that hides the smell well. So she will think that the tray is fresh. If you choose a cheap filler, it will make you change it often and the savings will be very dubious.
If the kitten does not go to the tray, but to another place chosen by him, then you can move the toilet there. There are cases when it is not possible to transfer a cat's toilet to this place. Then you need to lubricate with vinegar the area that your cat marked. The pungent smell will discourage the desire to misbehave there and as a result, the animal will get used to the tray.
Food for Bengal Cat
It is best to feed the Bengal cat with special dry food that is sold in zoological stores. They contain the necessary amount of nutrients and minerals that are necessary for the body. In addition, these foods do not harm the gums and teeth and therefore are the best option.
You need to feed three or four times a day. The main thing is not to overfeed. Obese cats have a very short life span.
If a pet eats dry food, it is very important that he drink enough liquid. Animals that drink little water are prone to urolithiasis. It is worth remembering that they love to splash in the water, so the drinking bowl can be turned upside down. You need to constantly monitor the level of liquid in the bowl.
If you notice that your pet drinks very little, you can try to get special drinkers in the form of a miniature fountain. The sound of bubbling water will cause an involuntary desire to quench your thirst.
If you have firmly decided that your cat will be fed exclusively with natural products, then you should follow a few rules. Their main diet is meat. Most suitable beef or rabbit. Fish should be given, but not more often than twice a week. It should avoid small river fish with lots of bones.
In addition to meat products, you should add to the diet dairy products or cream with a low percentage of fat. Vegetables are also an important part of the daily diet. Cats are happy to eat cucumbers, tomatoes and bell peppers.
After they have a stable menu of natural products, be sure to go to the vet for a consultation. Perhaps the list of products will need to expand or additionally buy vitamins. Only a specialist can say this for sure.
Bengal Cat's Health
The problematic aspects of the Bengal cat health of this breed a couple of years ago were only a tendency to intestinal disorders, and a sensitive stomach. And this did not affect life expectancy, Bengalis from the breed of long-livers, the average age of 15 years.
In recent years, breeders can often be heard of two serious diseases. One is diagnosed in kittens - flat chest syndrome (FCK), the other is (HCM) hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
The list of hereditary diseases includes multiple cysts on the kidneys, blood cancer, thickening of the heart muscle. It is better for owners of animals not to experiment, and not to give food from “their table” or to mix special food with natural food.
Bengals have a tender stomach, and it is difficult for them to cope with such food, even transfer to another brand of food should be very slow and careful.
Bengal cats are very resistant to diseases. Initially, they were only prone to diarrhea, but over time, more dangerous ailments began to develop - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and flat chest syndrome in kittens. Very often allergies began to appear.
To avoid health problems, carefully monitor the pet's diet, take the cat for preventive check-ups to the veterinarian at least once a year, vaccinate properly, conduct antiparasitic therapy, and if your plans do not include breeding, it is best to sterilize it.
Bengal Cat Mating rules
Knitting a Bengal cat is fraught with some difficulties and has its own characteristics and rules, without which future offspring will have defects in appearance. Breeding Bengal cats, breeders tend to achieve a gradual increase in the set of genes.
Therefore, for breeding animals, some of them take the rare species Felis Bendalensis. To get mestizos, you need to select only F1 and F2. This method allows in 4-5 generations to domesticate the wild cat of the “little leopard”.
Consider that it is impossible to knit a Bengal cat with representatives of other species; as a result, only defective or non-viable offspring can be obtained. Your pet will be ready for pairing after two heat flows, by the beginning of the 3rd.
Before negotiating a mating, make sure that the cat really began estrus. Her behavior eloquently testifies to this: loudly meowing, she raises her back, bending in her back, and marking time. Knitting a cat is recommended in the cat.
Before this, you need to make sure that both the cat and the cat are timely vaccinated against diseases, have no pathologies and infections. A cat with a “mating” is usually brought on the 3rd day of estrus, and it is recommended to leave her alone with a partner for at least two days.
This will allow them to get used to each other and prepare for intimacy. After mating, the cat is removed from the cat, and she proceeds to lick his genitals, then rolls over the floor. If the cat stops responding to the partner - mating has occurred. About whether she went successfully, you will find out after 3 weeks.
Kitten's carrying: pregnancy
So the Bengal cat's mating occurred. How many kittens can we expect from her? It should be noted that the Bengals are not very prolific. The most successful lamb brings four kittens.
And this is also one of the reasons why these animals are classified as rare breeds, and their value increases. In symptomatology, the pregnancy of the Bengal cat is almost the same as that of other breeds.
The first signs are nausea, lethargy. After some time, the nipples change color and begin to puff up. By the middle of the term, the animal becomes noticeably fuller, and a little later, the future offspring can already be gently probed.
At the 8th-9th week, the cat becomes restless and rushes about in search of a place for a nest. She bears a pregnancy for about nine weeks.
Breeding Bengal cats
If you first decide to start breeding Bengal cats, it is advisable to contact experienced breeders. They can explain which representatives are best suited to mating your cat and can give a tip to the perfect candidate. You should not try to associate your cats with ordinary domestic cats if you want small Bengals. This will lead to the emergence of hybrids, and they may be unlike the Bengalis, which is likely to disappoint their owners.
When choosing a Bengal cat for mating, you need to look not only at his health and affectionate character, but also the appearance, namely the typical signs of representatives of the breed: if he has pale spots or, for example, legs shorter than normal, then such a cat formatting does not take it stands, since its genes are already imperfect, and its offspring will continue to move farther from standards.
It is imperative to check the pedigree of the kitten for up to three generations, to find out if all the vaccinations are affixed. It is desirable that the kitten was already ready tests for the presence of infectious diseases.
How to choose and buy a Bengal kitten
Buying kittens usually fall on the phasing period (at 3 months), when the pattern fades or reappears on wool. Finally, it will acquire its color and clarity only by 8-10 months. The phasing period is evidence of the presence of wild roots in the kitten. The breeder is obliged to warn everyone who wants to buy a kitten about this phenomenon.
It is important to inspect the baby before buying. If he does not hiss, he is not afraid, he can be held on his hands - it means that everything is fine. Carefully appreciate the picture of the mother, if she has a blurry color - it can be transmitted to babies. All certificates of vaccinations and the use of anthelmintic drugs should be from the breeder. You should request a kitten card, which will enable in the future to open access to the family tree.
The price of a Bengal cat is affected by many factors
Bengal Cat Pros and cons - who suits
People with a calm character, who are accustomed to sitting in the evening at the TV, the elderly, and families with infants and children who have not reached school age, it is better to refuse to purchase this breed of cats. The owner must have strong nerves. In animals of this breed, excessive sexual activity, cats constantly mark the territory, and cats “sing” their songs. The problem is solved by timely sterilization or castration.
They need to always be the center of attention. Active, energetic, lively cats should spend as much time as possible with the owner, otherwise, they will be very depressed and not feel good about separation from a person. When the owner is away for a long time, he can start destroying everything in the house simply out of boredom. They always need someone nearby.
A high concrete fence, a round pillar, catching a fly or a bird on the fly is not a problem for the Bengal cat. They have a well-developed muscular system, strong paws with tenacious claws, and a curious character does not allow them to quit not halfway. They just need a "sports" area to meet the need for an active lifestyle.
Genes predetermine their love for water. Beloved master went to the shower - it does not matter! You can go with him. Kittens can endlessly dump toys into the water, and other objects within reach. An excellent solution for the owner will be the installation of a fountain in the house or any other decorative water device. You can even take your pet for a walk near the water.
The main misconception is that the Bengalis are prone to display aggression. This is absolutely not true. Most members of the breed are distinguished by intelligence and friendliness. Aggressive and independent animals grow in cages, without contact with humans. Those cats who know the love and affection of the owner from the first months of life will always be playful, meek and docile. They will never attack their master or other family members.
However, Bengal cats are very jealous. They are absolute owners and rather selfish. There should be no ignore for one’s own person or affection for another cat from the owner’s side. But, if you take up her education from the very beginning - she will be able to live with other pets as a leader.
Interestingly, they adore dogs and games with them. Perhaps this is due to the inherent feature of these two types: the protection of its territory. He perfectly distinguishes his family members from strangers, and will not be given into their hands. They love to make long “conversations” with the owner, making sounds more like barking, chirping and cooing.
If a small child appeared in a house where Bengal already lives, he will react to the small owner with special tenderness, and with time can become an excellent nurse. This active loves noisy, moving, rattling and rustling toys that fill the whole house with the appearance of the baby. Owners can quite acquire toys for the animals in specialized children's shops.
Bengal Cat Breed popularity
The real lovers of Bengal cats are residents of the United States and Canada. On the territory of these countries is located the largest number of nurseries. Despite the rarity and high cost of the breed, it is also popular in Russia, where many nurseries are also located. To say that they are popular - to say nothing. You can call it wildly popular, and breeding in Russia only multiplies the advantages of this breed.
Most know about this breed that they have an extraordinary appearance and the same extraordinary price. That is what allowed them to get to the Guinness Book of Records. The largest amount in history was paid for a second-generation Bengali named Kato, who in 1998 was bought by a woman from the capital of England. S. Jackson gave for this cat the amount of $ 41,000. The cat itself, whose breeder is Lord C. Esmond Gay, was born in England.
Pros and Cons Of Bengal Cat
- With proper upbringing, they have a friendly disposition.
- These are very intelligent animals that can make their own decisions.
- Easy enough to train, you can teach to bring the ball.
- Do not shed and hypoallergenic.
- Contact, well adapted in the family and get along with other animals. They do not mind playing with a dog.
- Bengals are strongly attached to the owner, like dogs. The family can choose one or several owners.
- They are able to study the actions of people and try to repeat them, for example, open doors, easily learn to go to the toilet on the toilet.
- They are not afraid of water, but rather love to frolic with it.
- Bengal cats are the prestige and decoration of your house, the fascinating grace and plasticity of the movements of which are inherent only in the wild beast.
- The famous Bengal glitter (shine of wool) and the wool itself are softer than silk, this is not to be found in any other cat breed! And it does not require special care.
- Too active, 1 small kitten can be compared with 10 mongrel kittens. If you have got yourself a Bengal kitten, get ready to buy new curtains (they love to ride them), new dishes, as the kitten will break it, well, or a cage - a kitten enclosure to lock it there when you leave.
- If the kitten is improperly grown, not socialized, then to bring such a kitten into the house is equivalent to a wild cat. Such kittens will never be domesticated. They will be wild cats, ready to cling to your hand if you want to touch them, or they will be fearful and live under the sofa and go to the toilet. In breeding, such cats are also not suitable, as most of them kill their kittens for fear. And at least with such a cat you will not receive exhibition ratings giving the right to breed.
- Approximately 90% of Bengal cats (boys) are tagged, if you manage to find a kitten that does not mark the line, then there will be no problems with this, and if you have a tagging cat, get ready for the fact that living in the same room will be unbearable. Since the cat can mark everything and especially you, if you have a non-breeding animal, then castrate it without thinking. And if you are a breeding cat, you will have to keep it in the toilet or in the bathroom or constantly put diapers on it. Approximately 50% of cats (girls) also tag, but only during estrus, to beat and scold them is useless, they can flag you when you are lying on the bed, and in general, your bed becomes a toilet for her during estrus. Here the solution is easier, if not a breeding animal, then sterilization, and if a breeding animal, then immediately take it to the cat, so you will save your apartment from the smell and the cat from the torment
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